Location: China, Tibet
Technical partners: Integration (Germany), Chinese Ministry of Education
Financial partners: Integration (Germany), German Technical Development Co-Operation (GTZ)
The autonomous region of Tibet in China, situated at an altitude of more than 3800 m, experiences very harsh winters with temperatures reaching as low as -30°C. Schools are heated from October to April and closed from December to March. In these concrete buildings, the indoor temperature may fall below -8°C during the morning. In addition, the fumes given out by stoves burning dried dung are very harmful to pupils. Nevertheless, due to the exceptional levels of sunshine in this region, bioclimatic architecture (or passive solar) principles could be used to heat the schools.
Since 2007, GERES India has been developing a programme of bioclimatic expertise in Tibet, with the aim of demonstrating that passive solar architecture applied to schools could increase the indoor temperature by 10°C. To do this, 3 pilot schools were renovated in 2008. Two technical assistance missions will shortly be undertaken to analyse the results from winter 2008-2009, to develop tools, to capitalize on the experience, to organize a seminar for policymakers and to develop training for Tibetan businesses.