Association GERES

Facilitating and promoting sustainable cooking practices in Cambodia

Technical Sheet

Technical sheet


Location: Cambodia


Dates: 1997 - 2016



  • Asia Regional Cookstove Program (ARECOP)
  • Asian Development Bank
  • Australian Aid
  • Blue Moon Fund
  • Cambodian Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
  • Cambodian Ministry of Mines and Energy (MME)
  • Cambodian Ministry of the Environment
  • Centre de coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement (CIRAD)
  • ENEA Consulting
  • European Union
  • French Development Agency (AFD)
  • Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves (GACC)
  • World Bank ESMAP

Action description

Action description

Managing biomass demand through the use of efficient cooking technologies

At 70 percent – one of the highest in Southeast Asia – of a country’s energy mix, biomass is Cambodia’s top energy source, more than 90 percent of which is sourced from woodfuel (wood and charcoal). Of the final biomass energy demand, domestic cooking is responsible for more than 70 percent, making cooking the largest driver of the consumption of wood – 4.3 million tons or 2 million ton oil equivalent total consumption annually – and charcoal – approximately 1 million ton oil equivalent of forest wood total consumption – in the Kingdom, the unsustainable collection and production of which, in some areas, are found to be direct drivers of deforestation.


To help households manage their woodfuel consumption, GERES developed various improved cookstove technologies suitable for the different markets – rural, peri-urban, urban – and supported commercialization by engaging the private sector, including by establishing an association of producers and distributors (Improved Cookstove Producers and Distributors Association of Cambodia) and supporting the commercial activities of its members, in order to facilitate widescale dissemination of efficient biomass cooking devices.

From objectives to actions

  • Local stove producers invest in equipment and manage the production activities, from purchasing raw materials to selling the final products.
  • GERES trainers teach stove producers on ICS manufacturing techniques, and connects the producers with other stakeholders along the supply chain.
  • GERES supports the industry association’s (ICoProDAC) organizational and business development efforts in order for it to be capable of performing important quality control and monitoring, and business support, functions to members.
  • GERES supports commercialization of the Khmer Rocket Stove (KhROS) by engaging with entrepreneurs and doing the necessary preparatory work laying the foundation for a successful private venture
  • Ministry of Mines and Energy (MME) facilitates GERES activities, as well as the creation of national quality standards on biomass cooking devices
  • GERES supports the awareness raising of consumer groups and the promotion of improved cookstoves through sales events and group promotion activities to enhance market demand for improved cookstoves.
  • GERES supports the development of the dissemination network through the engagement and the training of retailers in new areas, and the link with existing distributors to extend outreach and serve more consumer groups.

From actions to impacts

  • More than 3.6 million improved cookstoves – New Lao Stove and Neang Kongrey Stove – disseminated since 1997
  • 1,954,000 tonnes of wood saved from 2003 to 2013
  • 2,901,825 TCO2eq avoided from 2003 to 2013