Technical partners: IRAM (Institut de Recherches et d'Applications des Méthodes de développement), AMEDD (Association Malienne pour l'Eveil au Développement Durable), Agence Nationale de Développement des Biocarburants (ANADEB)
Financial partners: Union européenne (Facilité Energie II), FFEM (Fonds Français pourl'Environnement Mondial), ADEME (Agence de l'environnement et de la maîtrise de l'énergie), Agentschaap NL - Fonds Daey Ouwens, TATE, Fondation Prince Albert II de Monaco, Fondation Veolia Environnement
Context and issues
Against a background of increasingly expensive energy that often constrains rural development in Africa, biofuel supply chains are seen as an opportunity to develop the supply of local energy services and improve community living conditions. The ALTERRE Mali project is aimed at sustainable development of short biofuel supply chains and local energy services in southeastern Mali. It seeks to establish a Jatropha seed production and processing value chain so that local economic operators can partially or totally substitute Jatropha Pure Vegetable Oil (PVO) for diesel in their productive activities.
The work of the ALTERRE Mali project began in 2008 in three different areas: the municipalities of Yorosso and Koury and 13 villages spread over the municipalities of Konseguela and Diedougou. A Jatrophabased short biofuel supply chain is being set up in each.
An integrated support approach
Driving the establishment of a new supply chain such as Jatropha means placing special emphasis on guaranteeing the performance of each link in the chain and the chain as a whole. The project is therefore supporting stakeholders through five components:
- Component 1: Production of Jatropha seed. This must be on a suitable scale to meet the needs of the target area. The programme assists volunteer farmers in growing this new crop.
- Component 2: Extraction of the Jatropha oil. The project supports the establishment of local entrepreneurs and helps to build their technical and managerial skills.
- Component 3: Use of the oil in engines. The project finalizes the technical conditions for use and builds operators' capacity to ensure that the oil is used correctly.
- Component 4: Structuring the supply chain. To ensure the sustainability of the supply chain, the programme helps the various stakeholder groups to get together and organize their operating model.
- Component 5: Monitoring, evaluation and capitalization. The project is strictly monitored and plays a role in establishing technical/economic benchmarks for Jatrophabased farmer biofuel supply chains.
The JatroRef network was officially launched in February 2012 in Ouagadougou. A network charter has been prepared and monthly thematic monitoring information is sent to more than 200 members. A website (www.jatroref.org) is up and running. It offers a documentary resource area and hosts the private areas of the five thematic units: agronomic potential of jatropha; production systems and supply chains; carbon finance; pure vegetable oil production; and PVO use in engines. GERES facilitates the last three thematic units.