In Tajikistan, the proportion of people living below the poverty line can reach 74%. The extreme living conditions in this area are characterized by hot dry summers and long rigorous winters (temperatures can drop below -15°C and rainfall can be dramatically low). When the region is in the grip of winter, economic opportunities are severely squeezed. The very short farming season is constrained by substantial degradation of the soils and natural resources. Intensive and unmanaged use of chemical fertilizers during the Soviet era caused long-lasting contamination of the soil. After USSR collapse, the population massively copes with the energy scarcity situation by using locally available natural resources especially firewood. It leads to massive deforestation.
GERES in Tajikistan
GERES is in Tajikistan since 2011. The project aims to develop a sustainable process that will improve the living conditions and economic opportunities of around 1,000 vulnerable rural households, particularly those headed by women. To do so, GERES has chosen appropriate domestic energy solutions, primarily passive solar and thermal insulation techniques. Reducing the need for fuel will reduce the pressure on biomass resources. In addition, the bioclimatic techniques will be used to reinforce the means of production, preservation and distribution of agricultural products.