During the Soviet time in Tajikistan, the most common greenhouse design was a glasshouse heated with coal or gas or geothermia. With the end of the Soviet Union, maintenance of these greenhouses could not be ensured. As a consequence, farmers had to adapt and turn towards other types.
This study is based on the statement that many different types of greenhouses are now in use to produce vegetables and fruits in Tajikistan, but that a comprehensive study on their diversity is not available to the farmers. Information on protected agriculture is also hard to access for farmers in the field as private agricultural extension services are just starting to replace the former strong state support. Inputs of good quality are difficult to access for farmers far from the main urban centers. This document aims at providing an overview of the different existing types of greenhouses for farmers and agricultural technicians.
Data on the different greenhouses available in the country was gathered during a study tour in spring 2013 in the different regions of Tajikistan (Dushanbe, Region of Republican Subordination, GBAO, Khatlon), and thanks to a partnership with Sugdagroserv Consulting for Sughd region.
43 greenhouses representing 10 different types were visited, but this survey is not exhaustive and some models are not described.
The survey involved private farmers, NGOs (Cesvi, Mercy Corps, MSDSP, Nuri Khatlon), the Horticultural Institute of Dushanbe, Sugdagroserv Consulting services in Khujand. No private companies selling greenhouses were interviewed as they are still very seldom.
The existing greenhouses models in Tajikistan are presented and their characteristics are detailed.
Download the overview of existing greenhouses