Location : Morocco
Dates : 2014-2018
Technical partners :
- EnSEn - moroccan NGO (Energy, Solidarity and Environment)
- Moroccan National Federation of Owners/Operators of Traditional Baths
- Urban municipalities
Financial partners :
- FFEM - the French Global Environment Facility
- GEF Small Grants Programme
- Itancia Endowment fund
Background and challenges
- As a key part of social life, hammams are regularly visited by 95% of the Moroccan population, including many families who have no toilet facilities to attend to their daytoday hygiene needs. Hammams are a favourite meeting place and a public social space for women too. The sector employs around 200,000 people.
- The generally energyintensive infrastructure, the hammams’ mostly obsolete boiler rooms and a number of poor practices cause significant pollution and overconsumption of wood and water.
- Against a background of climate change and pressure on forests, the growing scarcity and increased cost of these resources threatens the continued existence of hammams. Obliged to raise the price of access considerably, they sometimes end up having to close down.
- In addition, the harmful smoke given off by hammams has negative impacts on the health of local people and workers. The stokers (fernatchis), who live and work in the technical area of the hammam, are the first to suffer, seeing their life expectantly reduced by indoor air pollution.
- With a view to guaranteeing the continued existence of this traditional institution and the basic services it provides to local people, GERES and its local partner associations and institutions are working to help hammam owners bring about energy modernization of the sector.
Objectives and proposed solutions
- Reduce the wood and water consumption of hammams; the harmful smoke affecting workers and local people; and greenhouse gas emissions.
- Guarantee the sustainability of hammams and their affordability for the population.
To this end, the project proposes:
- Energy modernization and technical monitoring of 10 hammams
- Energy renovation advice for 40 additional hammams
- Support for the emergence of local service and technology provision in the private sector to meet the need for modernization of hammams.
The project’s fields of operation are the supply and processing of fuel and the production, distribution and management of hot water and heat.