Action in progress
With help from funding partners, GERES continuously embarks on studies aiming to fill knowledge gaps in Cambodia’s energy sector.
Towards understanding the biomass sector – Cambodia’s biggest source of energy – GERES worked on FloWood: A Study of Biomass Energy Demand Patterns (2013-2014), a nationwide survey of the country’s biggest biomass users: domestic cooking, brick production, rubber processing, fish smoking, small-scale food processing, salt refining, ice, tobacco curing, garment, rice husk and wood gasification. The results of the study are seen to enable policymakers, project developers and members of the private sector to design strategies and programmes that address the core issues of the biomass energy value chain in ways that safeguard sustainable utilization of forest resources.
GERES as well did a study on the impact of charcoal on Cambodia’s Cardamom forest. The Participatory Impact Assessment using Global Forest Watch (2014) had endeavored to bring the complex reality of charcoal production in Cambodia using scientific evidence, and in the process, developed a replicable methodology for local-level studies on the impact of charcoal on forests.
For the United Nations Development Programme, GERES described the status quo as well as made recommendations aiming to increase LPG market share for cooking in a Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Market and Household Cooking Assessment in Cambodia (2015).
In 2017, GERES conducted a research work for UNDP on woodfuels value chains and their sustainability in Cambodia. The mission’s main outputs were to better assess the current situation of woodfuels and charcoal in the country, to identify the different options for prompting sustainable fuelwood and charcoal production and consumption, and to analyze and advise on the current legal and policy frameworks.
From objectives to actions
GERES researchers performed desk reviews, national data sets analyses, meetings with experts, field visits and nationwide surveys on the country’s most significant biomass users; a Factsheet was developed for each sector containing relevant findings, analysis and recommendations.
GERES and Mlup Baitong staff members performed socio-economic surveys among charcoal producers, set up check-points in strategic charcoal routes, assessed the forest area’s biomass stock and charcoal supply potential, and facilitated community workshops, in order to gain a realistic picture of charcoal’s impact on the Cardamoms.
GERES researchers performed desk reviews and field research including household surveys, interviews with government ministries and market players, in order to assess the political and socio-economic environment for LPG.
- World Resources Institute
- Mlup Baitong