Energy efficiency and bioclimatic architecture in India

Action completed

India, Jammu-Kashmir and l’Himachal Pradesh states

2008 - 2012

In the high valleys of the Himalayas, people experience extreme living conditions including glacial winter temperatures (and prolonged isolation (passes closed 6 months/year). There is little vegetation and biomass is sparse. On the other hand, the region gets an exceptional sunshine which is worth developing. Several pilot projects have been carried out by GERES since 2000. They all have shown that a 60 % saving in energy consumption can be achieved by equipping living quarters with passive solar technology combined with thermal insulation.

Started in 2008, the project presents the following results :

  • Social impacts : better living conditions, improved inside air quality, improved health conditions, increased time for schooling and reduced time spent on collecting dung and biomass residues
  • Economical impacts : reduction of energy consumption in domestic and community housing, growth of the handicraft industry : 400 women organised in 30 groups can increase their production tenfold thanks to improved working conditions and training by NGOs
  • Institutional strengthening : capacity building for the NGO partner consortium to become a reference for the whole Himalayan region (technology transfer), development of sustainable information networks on energy efficiency and adaptation to climate change, create a local network of qualified tradesmen in passive solar buildings (mason, carpenters)
  • Environmental impacts : integration of Energy efficiency in 1,000 domestic and community buildings, reduced pressure on local resources (2 tonnes of biomass saved per building per year), climate preservation (reduction of CO2 emissions)
Funder partners
  • European Union
  • Indian Government
  • Ensemble Foundation
  • Lord Michelham of Hellingly Foundation
  • Legallais
  • Abbé Pierre Foundation
  • Gaz et Électricité de Grenoble
  • MACIF Foundation
  • Synergie Solaire
Technical partners
  • LEHO
  • LNP
  • STAG
  • 300,000 people living in Ladakh, Zanskar, Kargil, Lahaul and Spiti
  • Local handicraft workers (masons, woodworkers, carpenters and traders)
  • Partner NGOs
  • Representatives of local communities as well as local and regional authorities

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