2014 - 2018
To help manage demand for woodfuel, the SCALE (Strengthening improved Cookstove Access towards a better quality of Life and Environment) project aims to put in place a market-based dissemination mechanism for fuel-efficient improved cookstoves. By working with all actors along the cookstove supply chain, and by supporting them through efforts to foster a policy environment that is supportive of positive climate and energy action, and through marketing and promotional initiatives, SCALE aims to facilitate the access to at least 350,000 improved cookstoves by the Myanmar population.
Issues and challenges
According to the WHO, 3 million people die each year because of open fire or traditional biomass (firewood and charcoal) cooking devices. In Myanmar, a country of 60 million people, more than 90% of the population relies on biomass and cooks daily with inefficient and highly polluting cookstoves.
- Wood provides for more than 80% of the energy used for cooking. Today, all of the wood used as fuel comes from unsustainable and illegal logging of local forests. Forest degradation has become a major issue in Myanmar, with an annual deforestation rate of 2% (UN FAO 2007). Fuelwood use also increases the burden on women, as they are the household members primarily in charge of collecting firewood, spending more than 200 hours a year on this activity.
- Traditional cookstove production is highly fragmented and not standardized, with consumers rarely having information on the quality, performance or safety of such devices. Cleaner and more efficient alternatives, such as improved cookstoves (ICS), are not widely available.
- Given the size of the cookstove market in Myanmar, there is an opportunity for largescale dissemination of ICS in the country, contributing to the socioeconomic development of individuals and communities through livelihood improvement activities and development of local production and distribution channels.
Objectives and solutions
Building on its proven methodology which enabled the dissemination of 3.5 million ICS in Cambodia in the last decade, GERES has teamed up with a local Myanmar organization, EverGreen Group (EGG), to replicate the Cambodian ICS success story in Myanmar by facilitating widescale access to cleaner and more efficient cookstoves.
- Supporting ICS sector development and working with EGG to scale up the production, supply and promotion of improved cookstoves.
- Stimulating domestic demand for ICS.
- Fostering a policy environment that is supportive of positive climate and energy action.
- European Union
- French Global Environment Facility (FFEM) through GERES StovePlus Program
- Lord Michelham of Hellingly Foundation
- Raja - Danièle Marcovici Foundation
- Fondation Prince Albert II de Monaco
- Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry, Myanmar
- EverGreen Group (EGG), Myanmar
- ENERGIA/ETC Foundation
- StovePlus, Cambodia
- Forest Research Institute
- Improved Cookstove Producers and Distributors Association of Cambodia
- NGO, Mercy Corps