Globally, family farmers are able to ensure the food and nutritional security of a growing population while also preserving national resources and dealing with climate change. As of today, nearly 800 million people suffer from chronic hunger; 600 million more will do so in 2080 if we continue to emit greenhouse gases (GHGs) at our current rate. Agriculture, soil and land are particularly vulnerable to climate change.
They account for nearly one quarter of all GHG emissions, but can contribute to reducing the existing atmospheric concentration of those gases. Not all types of farming emit the same amount of GHGs, however: industrial agriculture and agriculture that makes heavy use of chemical inputs, fossil fuels and capital emit far higher levels of GHGs.
In 2011, the countries that are stakeholders to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) finally agreed to begin focusing on the issue of agriculture. As development actors working with smallholder organisations and small producers in Southern countries, whose positions are echoed by Coordination SUD’s member organisations, we call for smallholder family farmers to be placed at the heart of the UNFCCC discussions on farming.
Based on the IPCC’s latest report, we also believe that those discussions should deal with food security, as well, especially so as to address the challenges that climate imbalances pose for the right to food.
This document was produced by the following member organizations of the Climate and Development Commission: Action contre la Faim, Agrisud International, Agronomes et Vétérinaires Sans Frontières, Association la Voûte Nubienne, CARE-France, CARI, CCFD-Terre Solidaire, GERES, Gret, Oxfam France, Secours Catholique-Caritas France