Since 2002, Afghanistan has been engaged in a reconstruction process funded by international aid. GERES has been involved from the outset with the plan to introduce energy efficiency techniques into the renovation of public buildings (schools, hospitals and government buildings). Then, in 2004, GERES began to apply the techniques and successful experiments to the improvement of rural housing, setting up vocational training centres. As a result, in 2010 and 2012, two major projects were completed.
Less than 10% of the country’s population, mainly in towns, has access to electricity. There is practically no access to the grid in the countryside. Priority energy demand is essentially for heating. At an altitude of 1800 metres, Kabul (3,000,000 inhabitants) experiences difficult climatic conditions and very harsh winters. Fuel expenditure can account for up to 40% of household income, procuring only limited comfort and sometimes unhealthy conditions (smoke and poor combustion causing respiratory diseases).
Afghanistan therefore poses very substantial energy challenges. GERES and its partners have endeavoured, with a view to large-scale dissemination, to introduce or reintroduce efficient techniques through training many Afghan artisans and technicians.
10 years’ work in three provincess
Having become a byword for bioclimatic construction, GERES has seen its 10 years of work and partnership efforts in Afghanistan, supported by the local authorities, result in the consolidation of energy programmes appropriate to local needs. They have received full support and acceptance from communities in the provinces of Bamyan and Kapissa and the town of Kabul.
GERES has also sought to replicate these techniques in the agricultural field, installing solar greenhouses out in the fields to grow dry-season vegetables, cellars for storage of farm produce, henhouses and cowsheds using passive solar energy.
Since July 2012 GERES has been taking up the urban challenge, with a new programme to build/renovate passive solar houses in three districts of the capital. The interest shown by communities reflects the colossal expectations and needs.
In this context, RFI (Radio France Internationale) recently carried a 20-minute segment on the GERES organisation and its bioclimatic houses project in Kabul.
You can also visit the GERES Afghanistan page to learn more about our projects in the country.
Some key figures
- 313 bioclimatic public buildings (170,000 m2)
- 36 clinics
- 18 schools
- 259 miscellaneous public buildings
- 1120 passive solar houses and solar conservatories
- 55 artisans trained in the construction of solar conservatories
- 1000 engineers trained in the technique
GERES thanks all its partners for their support since 2002
- European Union
- French Global Environment Facility (FFEM)
- United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
- French Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs (MFEA)
- French development Agency (AFD)
- Embassy of Japan in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
- Environment and Energy Management Agency (ADEME)
- Action Against Hunger (AHU)
- French Afghan Friendship (AFRANE)
- Agha Khan Development Network (AKDN)
- Abbé Pierre Foundation
- Lord Michelham of Hellingly Foundation
- GIZ (GTZ)
- Ibn Sina
- Mercy Corps
- Mother for Peace (Mère pour la Paix)
- Medical Refresher Courses for Aghans (MRCA)
- Sport without frontiers
- International Solidarities