Aubagne, le 31 janvier 2012 – Disposer de lumière pour éclairer son magasin au Bénin, d’une pièce chauffée pour faire de l’artisanat en Afghanistan ou de machines pour la transformation de produits agricoles au Mali… L’énergie crée des opportunités économiques nouvelles et améliore celles qui existent déjà. A l’occasion de 2012, Année internationale de l’énergie durable pour tous, l’ONG GERES met en lumière les pratiques de terrain mises en œuvre au Nord comme au Sud et continue de revendiquer les droits de ceux qui souffrent de précarité énergétique.
Access to energy is now recognized the world over as key to reducing poverty as well as achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). This theme is an official priority for the second term of office of UN General Secretary Ban-Ki Moon. The UN launched the “International Year of Sustainable Energy for All” in 2012. GERES (Group for the Environment, Renewable Energy and Solidarity) welcomes the initiative.
Even today, 2.5 billion people only have access to age-old cooking methods. One third of the global population has no access to electricity and 60% of energy is consumed by only 20% of the world’s people, according to figures published by the NGO Practical Action in its study entitled “Poor People’s Energy Outlook 2012.”
« Hundreds of millions of people will be unable to escape the poverty cycle due to lack of access to energy in 2030 »
To guarantee access to energy for all in 2030, more than 150 million more people must gain access to clean cooking equipment every year and 75 million more people must obtain reliable, appropriate access to electricity every year. Although some progress has been seen in recent years, improvements in access to energy have been uneven, varying from continent to continent and with huge disparities in sub-Saharan Africa in particular.
Energy is vital to reduce poverty
Almost 45% of people in developing countries make their living from farming. In most cases, traditional farm production relies on human and animal power.
However, innovative technical solutions developed by GERES do exist: building insulation, bioclimatic architecture, biofuels, renewable biomass, hydro- electricity, photovoltaic power… They help to lighten the burden of chores and improve farmers’ practices, thereby increasing their output and raising their living standards at the same time, whilst taking care to protect the environment.
In Benin, for example, GERES is setting up multifunction platforms in rural areas offering services to meet a wide range of energy needs in food processing and small-scale production (grinding cereals, recharging batteries, etc.). The SETUP project provides a sustainable alternative to the manual tasks mainly done by women and is primarily aimed at women and girls, agricultural producers, craftsmen and traders and energy services operators.
In the South, there are also many people who earn their living from micro or small businesses such as street restaurants and stalls, mobile hairdressing services, etc. When they have reliable energy sources and efficient equipment, these micro-businesses can greatly improve their output or services. GERES also stresses the need for autonomy, giving priority to local products over imports.
In Cambodia, the New Lao Stove is an improved cooking stove that can reduce wood consumption and CO2 emissions. It mitigates the impact of harmful fumes indoors that mainly affect women and children. Its affordable cost and low fuel consumption mean that both households and small street restaurants can benefit. In addition, the project benefits all the links in the supply chain at national level, from producers via distributors and salespeople to end users.
Fuel poverty affects the north too
In Europe, a household spending more than 10 per cent of its budget on meeting energy needs (excluding transport) is considered as fuel poor. A study conducted by GERES shows that many poor families actually spend up to 30 per cent of their budgets on energy.
GERES is participating in France in the European ACHIEVE project, which aims at reducing fuel poverty and CO2 emissions in Europe. Identifying households at risk of fuel poverty at local level offers the opportunity not only to conduct studies but also to raise awareness of energy saving amongst low-income families.
GERES, a key player in 2012
The injustice of fuel poverty is now on the international agenda. As a member and representative of civil society, GERES has been striving for 35 years to develop technologies in the field and make communities aware of the benefits of renewable energy and energy efficiency for health and development.
GERES intends to make the voices of the fuel poor heard throughout 2012.”
In 2012, GERES is launching an awareness-raising campaign for the general public, donors and the private sector, focusing on the importance of access to energy in meeting global development and environmental challenges. Relying on its extensive field experience, GERES intends to make sure that the voices of the fuel poor in the South are heard and to advocate on their behalf, alongside other civil society organizations, amongst both the general public and decision-making bodies at international level.
Convinced of the importance of working in partnership to meet the global challenge of universal access to sustainable energy, GERES starts working closely to the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves (GACC), the official network of the international year of energy launched by the United Nations Foundation.
Caroline PIERRET – email@example.com
Tel : +33 4 42 18 55 88